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Dehcho First Nations Process 

Land, Resources and Self-Government Agreement-in-Principle Negotiations

The community of Wrigley

The Dehcho Process began in 1999, with negotiations on both a Framework Agreement and an Interim Measures Agreement (IMA). Negotiations were based on Dr. Peter Russell’s work in 1998, and his report describing 21 Common Ground Principles.

In 2001, the Dehcho First Nations (DFN), the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) signed the IMA and the Framework Agreement, which set out the subjects for negotiations to conclude an Agreement-in-Principle (AIP) and a Final Agreement that will clarify and build upon the existing treaties.

Key Documents:   

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Who are the Dehcho First Nation?

  • The DFN are the Dene and Métis of the 8 communities in the Dehcho Region.  They are: 
    o Deh Gah Gotie Dene Council (Fort Providence)
    o Fort Providence Métis Council
    o Kaa’a’ge Tu First Nation (Kakisa)
    o Sambaa K’e Dene Band (Trout Lake)
    o Liidlii Kue First Nation (Fort Simpson)
    o Métis Nation Local 62 (Fort Simpson)
    o Tthek’ehdeli First Nation (Jean Marie River)
    o Naha Dehe Dene Band (Nahanni Butte)
    o Pehdzeh Ki First Nation (Wrigley)
    o West Point First Nation (Hay River). 

2. Who are the parties involved in the negotiations?

  • The DFN, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories.

3. Why are the parties negotiating?

  • The GNWT supports concluding a DFN AIP, through negotiations, that fairly addresses the Aboriginal and Treaty rights of the Dehcho First Nations. 

4. What are the negotiations about?

  • The Parties are negotiating a Land, Resources and Self-Government Agreement that will provide for a Dehcho Government with the power to make and to enforce Dehcho laws, design and deliver programs and services, and address the use, management and conservation of land, water and resources in the Dehcho Region.

5. What stage are the negotiations at?

  • Negotiators are working toward concluding an AIP and completing a Dehcho Land Use Plan.

6. What are the next steps in the negotiation process?

  • Once the text of the AIP has been finalized, the parties will circulate the draft AIP through their internal review processes, which will include consultation with other aboriginal groups, to decide whether to approve and sign it. If the AIP is approved, the document will form the basis for concluding a Final Agreement. The parties are also working to complete an Interim Dehcho Land Use Plan.


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