||The Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) came into effect on July 25, 1984 and was the first comprehensive land claim agreement settled in the NWT.
The Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) covers approximately 435,000 square kilometres in the Mackenzie Delta, Beaufort Sea, and Amundsen Gulf area. Approximately 90,600 square kilometres of land, including 12,980 square kilometres of subsurface mineral rights are owned by the Inuvialuit. The Inuvialuit, through the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC), also received capital transfers from the Federal Government, totalling $152 million over 14 years.
Inuvialuit communities include Aklavik, Ulukhaktok, Inuvik, Paulatuk, Sachs Harbour, and Tuktoyaktuk.
The IFA also provides for wildlife harvesting rights, socio-economic initiatives and Inuvialuit participation in wildlife and environmental management regimes.
The IFA establishes and provides for Inuvialuit participation on various co-management boards within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. These include the Fisheries Joint Management Committee, Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT), Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope), Environmental Impact Screening Committee and Environmental Impact Review Board. The IFA also establishes the Inuvialuit Game Council to promote and protect Inuvialuit wildlife interests. Key Documents:
• Inuvialuit Final Agreement
Map of the Inuvialuit Settlement Area
• Map of the Inuvialuit Settlement Area
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA)?
- The IFA is a comprehensive land claim agreement between the Government of Canada and the Inuvialuit that provides certainty and clarity with respect to ownership and use of land and resources in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. The GNWT and Yukon Government, although not parties to the IFA, did sign the IFA as part of the Federal negotiating team. Both the GNWT and Yukon Government agreed to and have specific obligations within the IFA. The IFA came into effect on July 25, 1984.
2. Over what geographic area does the IFA apply?
- The Inuvialuit Settlement Region encompasses the most northerly portion of the Northwest Territories and the North Slope of the Yukon Territory. The Region includes a large portion of the Beaufort Sea. In the NWT it is bordered to the south by the Gwich’in Settlement Area. Inuvialuit communities include Aklavik, Ulukhaktok, Inuvik, Paulatuk, Sachs Harbour, and Tuktoyaktuk.
3. What rights and benefits did the Inuvialuit receive under the IFA?
- The Inuvialuit received ownership to approximately 90,600 sq km of land including 12,980 sq km of subsurface ownership. In addition to lands, the Inuvialuit received $152 million in capital transfer payments from the Government of Canada. The IFA also provides the Inuvialuit with certain wildlife harvesting rights in the ISR, including the exclusive right to harvest game on Inuvialuit lands and the exclusive right to harvest furbearers in the ISR.
4. Who is eligible to be a participant of the IFA?
- A person is eligible to be enrolled as a participant of the IFA if they are a Canadian citizen and are Inuvialuit as defined by the Agreement.
5. What subject matters are included in the IFA?
- The IFA has 20 sections including the following:
- Eligibility and Enrolment
- Inuvialuit Corporate Structures
- Inuvialuit and Crown Lands
- Participation Agreements
- Wildlife Harvesting and Management
- Financial Compensation
- Economic Measures
- Inuvialuit Social Development Program
6. What boards were created by the IFA?
- The IFA established five co-management boards that have equal representation from government and the Inuvialuit:
- The Environmental Impact Screening Committee (EISC) determines whether proposed developments require detailed environmental impact assessments.
- The Environmental Impact Review Board carries out public reviews of development proposals deemed necessary by the EISC.
- The Fisheries Joint Management Committee (FJMC) advises the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans on matters relating to fisheries and marine mammals in the ISR.
- The Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT) advises governments and other appropriate bodies on wildlife management and conservation matters in the NWT portion of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
- The Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope) advises governments and other appropriate bodies on wildlife management and conservation matters on the Yukon North Slope, including Herschel Island.